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45- Death, Demons, and the End of the World

In this episode we look at early Christian beliefs concerning the evil spirits, the afterlife, and the end of the world in the first three centuries.

For some more information on Second Temple Jewish texts discussed see here


Greek Icon of the Last Judgement

Greek Icon of the Last Judgement

Dore - Michael casting Satan and his Angels from Heaven

Gustav Dore – Satan and his Angels cast from Heaven

July 2019 Update

Hello listeners,

My deepest apologies for the wait on new episodes. I’m as disappointed as you are that the next episode hasn’t been released yet. Its fair to say that with these “First Three Centuries” episodes I bit off perhaps more than I could chew as far as the time needed to do the research. On top of that I’ve recently moved into a new home, my day job has become much more taxing, and my grad school work has become especially more time consuming than previously expected. Nevertheless I am committed to continuing this podcast and I am striving for a consistent posting schedule. At least one episode will be released this July, and we will be finished with the First Three Centuries series and back to the narrative before the end of the year. I am stilling planing on cleaning up the audio of older episodes as well. Thank you all for your continued support and encouragement. Please keep sending in your questions and feedback. I’ve included here another snapshot of some of the books I’m currently reading in writing the next episode:




44- The Salvation of Humankind

Episode Link

In this “First Three Centuries” series episode we look at early Christian beliefs about salvation, the saving work of Christ and its meaning, in the first three centuries.

Harrowing of Hades

Greek Mosaic of the risen Christ liberating Adam and Eve from death.


The Crucifixion of Christ by Gustave Doré

iTunes Reviews Feedback

Hello listeners,

I want to thank all of you who have taken the time to rate and review the podcast on iTunes. These really help the show gain more subscribers and I hope more listeners keep posting their reviews.

I have also received some excellent constructive criticism from the iTunes reviewers which I’d like to address here. Early on I had tendency to smack my lips a lot which I know put some people off. Eventually I plan to go back and re-record those early episodes, but in the meantime I will go back and cut out, as much as possible, all those annoying instances where I smacked my lips.

Another constructive criticism has been my narration which, especially early on, I know was slow and stilted. I do hope my narration has improved over the course of the show and I will certainly keep striving to make my recordings more engaging and pleasing to listen to.

Finally one reviewer pointed out an issue with the Bonus episodes which I’m extremely grateful was brought to my attention. The reviewer pointed out how I have habit of exchanging some banter with the guest over aspects of Church history and theology which listeners may not be familiar with. I take full responsibility for this failing and I’m glad to have been aware of it. The bonus episodes are something new that I’m trying and I hope they improve as the show continues. Part of the fun is the excitement of talking Church history with fellow podcasters. As you might imagine not too many people in my day-to-day life share this passion and enthusiasm for the subject. However in my excitement I realize now I forgot you dear listeners, who as the show’s audience should always be my first priority when producing content. In the future I will be more conscientious and make sure I provide you with any and all necessary context and background for discussions between myself and a guest.

I want to thank all you listeners and I hope you feel that I have taken your feedback seriously.



Bonus 4- The Supernatural Realm with Dr. Michael Heiser

Episode Link

In part 2 of our interview with Dr. Heiser we discuss the Israelite and Jewish background of early Christian beliefs concerning Angels, Demons, and other denizens of the supernatural realm…


Dr. Heiser’s website and blogs

The Naked Bible Podcast


43- God and Christ

Episode Link

We look at the origins and development of the Christian theology of the Trinity and Christology in the first three centuries. In particular how the early Church understood the relationship between God the Father and the Son.


Painting of the Holy Trinity


Russian Icon of “The Hospitality of Abraham” by Andrei Rublev, 15th Century



El as depicted at Ugarit (Ras Shamra, Syria), Late Bronze Age

baal hadad ugarit

Baal Hadad as depicted at Ugarit (Ras Shamra, Syria), Late Bronze Age


Check out Jonathan’s awesome History of the Copts podcast!

Other Links

Bonus 3- Origen of Alexandria with Steve Guerra

Episode Link

In this bonus episode we revisit the subject of Origen of Alexandria with “The History of the Papacy Podcast” host Steve Guerra!


Origen, PD-US