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34- The Valerian Persecution

September 15, 2016

In 257 A.D., the Roman Emperor Valerian launched the second empire-wide persecution of Christianity…

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valerianus-augustus

Valerian

xystus-ii-and-his-deacons

Medieval depiction of Valerian (Left) executing Xystus II of Rome and his deacons (Right)

laurence-of-rome

Laurence of Rome

fructousus-and-his-deacon

Fructuosus of Tarraco

shapur_victory

Rock-relief at Naqsh-e Rustam Valerian and Philip the Arab before the Persian King of King Shapur I

 

Notes:

The History of Rome 112- Captured of Alive by Mike Duncan

Valerian and Gallienus

The English translations I used for the martyrdom accounts of Fructuous, Marian and James, and Montanus and Lucius can be found in the Appendix of Keresztes Imperial Rome and the Christians Vol. 2.

For the Proconsular Acts of Cyprian see A New Eusebius ed. by Stevenson and Frend.

For Dionysius of Alexandria’s letter Against Germanus see here

On Fulvius Macrianus see Dionysius’s letter here and here

Eusebius’ account of the Valerian Persecution can be found in book 7 of the Ecclesiastical History

A very good article on the reason for Valerian’s persecution is: “Imperial Religious Policy and Valerian’s Persecution of the Church, A.D. 257-260”- Christopher J. Haas; Church History, Vol. 52, No. 2 (Jun., 1983), pp. 133-144

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